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Diabetes, a chronic medical condition, affects millions of people globally. It is characterized by high levels of glucose in the blood, which can lead to a range of complications if left untreated. Diabetology is a branch of medicine that specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of diabetes.
Diabetology is a specialized branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of diabetes. There are three primary types of diabetes, including type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is the result of an autoimmune disorder where the immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. This type of diabetes is often diagnosed in children and young adults and requires lifelong insulin therapy. On the other hand, type 2 diabetes is the most prevalent type of diabetes, accounting for 90% of all cases. It typically develops in adults and is caused by the body becoming resistant to insulin or the pancreas not producing enough insulin to meet the body’s needs. Type 2 diabetes can be managed with lifestyle changes, such as exercise and diet, and medication. Early diagnosis and proper management of diabetes are critical in preventing or delaying its complications, such as blindness, kidney failure, and nerve damage.